The Heretics of London – The Smithfield Martyrs

The Smithfiled Martyrs

“The Heretics of London” is a feature length documentary which is currently in production.

The film features the lives of heretics who were burnt at the stake in the London suburb of Smithfield during the 1500’s. The area then known as Smoothfield has a long and fascinating history.

 

Here is the trailer/sampler:

 

Special preview and historical background

 

Heretics of London

 

From the foundation of St Bartholomew’s Church and hospital for the poor in 1123 by the monk Rahere to the many executions, including Scottish rebel William Wallace and the killing of peasants revolt leader Watt Tyler, this small area has been the scene of many horrific events.

 

St Bartholomews Church

 

Today it still has the famous meat market and much of it is the same as it was when heretics were lead through the ancient arch out of St. Bartholomew’s to be burned publicly in front of huge crowds.

The film explores both the “Smooth field” and those whose lives ended there

 

The Smoothfield

The Heretics of London

 

Smithfield Previously known as Smoothfield is located just outside London’s Old City Walls. Famous for its cattle market, the raucous Bartholomew’s’ fair and the execution of heretics. It also featured in Charles Dickens’ “Oliver Twist”.

As well as having  its gallows (The Elms), and all manner of horrific executions  Smithfield was also the scene of the burning alive of heretics.

Hundreds of heretics were burned at the stake during the time of Henry V111-Mary 1st. Many in Smithfield.

 

The Smithfiled Martyrs

Concerning the Burning of Heretics (Heretico Corumbendo)

From 1382 suspected heretics could be arrested and detained by sherriffs for trial in ecclesiastical courts Burned under a common law writ

The burning of heretics in Britain  stems from an Act of 1401 by the Universal Church of Rome namely  Heretico Corburendo  literally meaning “Concerning the burning of Heretics”

 

The Smithfield Martyrs

 

Heretic literally means “One who is able to choose”.

During the 16th century those who refused to believe in certain tenets of the Roman Catholic doctrine and even a few of those of the Catholic faith who would not recognize the King as the Head of the Church  were burned as heretics.

The Ecclesiastical Law of 1401 Heretico Corumbendo, concerning the burning of heretics paved the way for the Heresy laws and the battle of ideologies which carried on with burning of heretics with regularity until the late 1500s

The first heretic to be burned was in the same year as the act was passed William Sawtrey, a priest from St. Margaret’s in Lynn, Norfolk, became the first Lollard martyr to suffer the death penalty under this new law. He was burnt at the stake in Smithfield in March 1401.

 

William Sawtrey

Relapsed heretics were chained to a wooden stake and burned alive in front of huge crowds.

 

The Heretics of London

 

Heretics who chose to defy the Roman Church because of their faith were given chance to change their ways and even argue their cases in the ecclesiastic courts.This made them willing sacrifices through their implied consent by failing to abjure their heretical beliefs.

 

Some historical perspective

 

Cast of Characters:

The Heretics

 

The Smithfield Martyrs

Anne Askew (1521 – 16 July 1546) ,  a Protestant, highly intelligent and  independent woman was brutally and illegally tortured in the Tower of London before being burned at the stake in Smithfield aged 26. Her bones broken and dislocated from her torture she burned with John Lascelles, John Adams and Nicholas Belenian. It is well reported that a loud thunderclap came from the heavens above Smithfield when the fires were lit on the day of her execution.

The film also features arrangements of her songs  “The ballad of Anne Askew” and “I am a woman poor and blind”.

Anne Askew: “Neither Christ nor his apostles ever put any creature to death.”

 

Friar John Forest

 

Friar John Forest (1471 – 22 May 1538) was an English Franciscan Friar, he was Confessor to Queen Catherine of Aragon. John Forest was based at Greenwich and appears to have been not only in opposition to  Henry V111 being head of the church but also victim of rival factions within the Franciscan order.

John Forest was burned at Smithfield atop an eight foot wooden statue of Welsh Warrior God Derfel Gadarn which had been dragged to Smithfield from Llanderfel in North Wales to also be publicly burned.

The film features the “staff of Derfel” and “Derfels Horse” which accompanied the statue in Llanderfel church yard and these ancient artefacts remain intact to this day.

John Forest: “In the shadow of thy wings I will trust, O God, until iniquity pass away.”

”Friar  Forest was made Blessed by Pope Leo XIII, on December 9, 1886. And his relics rest near the priory gate of at Smithfield.

 

 

Joan Bocher

 

Joan Bocher, “Joan of Kent” Joan Boacher (1490 -1550)  had distributed the Tyndale Bible around Canterbury  Her Anabaptist beliefs were against the Papacy and The Protestantism which she  had converted from and which was now the accepted religion of Edward 1V.

After being held at the house of Sir Richard Rich in Smithfield Archbishop Cranmer examined her and handed here over to the civil authority, Joan  would not recant her beliefs and the Lord Chancellor condemned her and she was taken to Smithfield on the 2nd May 1550.

Joan Boacher: “it was not long ago since you burned Anne Askew for a piece of bread, and yet came yourselves soon after to believe and profess the same things for which you burned her. And now forsooth you will burn me for a piece of flesh, and in the end you will come to believe this also, when you have read the scriptures and understand them”.

 

The Bishop and Archbishop

 

Bloody Bishop Bonner

Edmund “Bloody” Bonner (1500-1569) Bishop of London (1539-1549)

Edmund Bonner was a key figure in the examination and condemnation of heretics and himself fell foul of the state during the time of Henry V111 spending time in Marshalsea  prison. Mary 1st reinstated him and he relentlessly pursued heretics and gained a fearsome reputation for cruelty. It is recorded that Bonner tried at least two hundred heretics.

 

Thomas Cranmer

 

Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury (1489-1556)

Cranmer had tried protestants and the anabaptist Joan Boacher  for heresy and himself ended up in conflict with the church. He was also tried for heresy but recanted, he could not however live with his confession and stated the “unworthy right hand”  that wrote it would be first into the fire.

On 21st March, 1556, Thomas Cranmer was brought to St Mary’s Church in Oxford, where he stood on a platform as a sermon was directed against him. He went on to  deny the six statements he had previously made and described the Pope as “Christ’s enemy, and Antichrist, with all his false doctrine.”

Cranmer and Bonner are intertwined with the lives of heretics and the Battle for the Bible in Tudor England.

To be released in 2020.

 

Ann Askew
Site of the Martyrs Plaque, Smithfield

John Rogers, burned at the stake in Smithfield Feb 4th 1555:

‘That which I have preached I will seal with my blood.’

‘Then,’ quoth Master Woodroofe, ‘thou art a heretic.’

About The Heretics of London

A Windows on the World production

 

Exclusive content for download

Mark Windows produces all the content for windowsontheworld and is the host of the weekly show Windows on the World which previews every Sunday at 9pm GMT at windowsontheworld. 

Mark Windows and Windows on the World are producing a feature length historical drama documentary “The heretics of London”, the film features the lives and the times of heretics burned at the stake in the 1500’s and the battles of church, the state and heretics, a word which literally means “able to choose”.

Patrons will get regular updates along with trailers and scenes as they are filmed.

Patrons will get free access to screenings to be held in places historically linked to the film.

Patrons will get a guided tour around this fascinating site with cast members and a slide presentation plus Q and A with the director Mark Windows and cast members.

Patrons will receive a limited edition DVD with extra scenes and interviews with the cast plus outtakes.

The film will initially be available only on limited edition DVD and will not go to any digital platform until 18 months after release. The DVD will feature a directors cut which will never be available as a download on any platform.

This is your chance to participate and also support our work and you will be part of something very unique as every patron will receive a credit on the film.

Mark Windows/patreon

 

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